Between Stephenie Meyer’s Twilight novels and Charlaine Harris’ Southern Vampire Mysteries (also known as the Sookie Stackhouse or True Blood books) vampires are the hottest thing in literature these days. But this genre, where gothic horror often meets romance, is no johnny-come lately; the vampire has a long, colorful history in literature.
The first instances of vampire tales originally appeared in eastern European folklore. Some of these stories began to trickle into western European literature in the 18th century, and German and English authors started to put their own spin on the myths.
The short German poem, The Vampire (1748) by Heinrich August Ossenfelde, is often cited as being the first major work to mention these mythical undead creatures but vampires really became a popular phenomenon in the 19th century. read more about this topic here